Letter of importance from Archbishop Wilson

November 28, 2017

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To the priests, deacons, religious brothers and sisters, and all the People of God in the Archdiocese of Adelaide,

I wish to share with you some important information about my health.
On October 11 this year, I had a nasty fall and injured my head. I was unconscious for a small amount of time and I lost a lot of blood. The blood thinner medication I take contributed to the significant blood loss.

In the weeks following this event, some of my colleagues noticed that I was not myself and advised me to have a number of medical tests.

As a result of those tests, it was determined that I needed a pacemaker attached to my heart, and the neurological tests have diagnosed that I have Alzheimer’s disease.

And all this has been occurring while I have been preparing for the trial that begins today (November 28, 2017) in Newcastle, NSW. I have informed the Court about my recent diagnoses which I hope will not prevent the process from at least starting. However, I am advised that it is now solely a matter for the Court to determine what will need to happen from this point.  

Of course, I am aware that the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease is one that will alarm many people.

It is a present reality that much stigma is still associated with Alzheimer’s disease. An initial reaction by many people is to think that life is all but over, and that a person with such a diagnosis cannot continue to live a productive life and contribute to society. I am fully aware that some people will now judge me in this light. But I hope to prove them wrong!

I have been prescribed medication that may assist me greatly in slowing the progress of this disease and indeed improve my present condition and I will, of course, see my neurologist regularly for testing and medical support. However, if a point comes in the next 8 years before my mandatory retirement as Archbishop of Adelaide, at 75 years of age, and I am advised by my doctors that the effects of Alzheimer’s disease might be beginning to impair my ability to function properly as Archbishop, I will offer my resignation to the Holy Father.

I have informed Pope Francis’ Ambassador in Australia, the Apostolic Nuncio, of my diagnoses and will provide him with the medical reports from my specialist physicians and I will update him regularly with the results of tests and consultations with my neurologist during the years ahead.

With the grace of God, I am at peace with the situation in which I now find myself. I am in God’s hands and I trust in the love and care of the Lord on the journey of life I have before me.

I ask that you take this information that I am providing to you calmly and peacefully. There is no cause for panic. I will continue to be present to you with all the love I have for the Archdiocese of Adelaide. And I intend to reach out to others who live with the Alzheimer’s condition and to be a sign of support and encouragement to them.

Yours sincerely
Most Rev Philip Wilson DD JCL
Archbishop of Adelaide

 Circular - Archbishop Philip Wilson DD JCL 1440 281117.pdf


 

Help us to 'see'

The Southern Cross newspaper – November 2017


 

Working together to honour the Lord

The Southern Cross newspaper – October 2017


 

A moment for Australia to respond to refugees – again

The Southern Cross newspaper – September 2017

Vocation to priesthood a personal experience

National Vocations Awareness Week 2017

Communicating a timeless message

The Southern Cross – July 2017

Click here to check out the new Southern Cross online news site

New stories will be posted regularly, click on daily to check out the site, and you can sign up to receive fortnightly emails. You will then be added to our database (if you are not already a subscriber to The Southern Cross digital version).


 

Witnessing Jesus in our local community

The Southern Cross newspaper – June 2017

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An important part of a bishop’s life is visitation of the parishes that belong to his diocese. Since the renewal team came together under the guidance of Father Philip Marshall, I have been able to look at how the parish pastoral visitation program can be integrated into the desire that we all have, that is, to work together to be better disciples of the Lord.

We’ve had a process that’s gone on for some time reflecting about what we want to be, how we want to respond to Jesus and his call today, and we’ve come up with the eight markers of a healthy, vibrant, renewing parish.

As Church leaders, our responsibility is to reflect with parishes and communities and then provide them with the opportunity to come up with the decisions they need to make in their local area.

Part of the visitation program is drawing together all the discussions and work undertaken by the parish in conjunction with the visitation team and coming together to reflect on the markers and give us some wisdom to put grist to the mill to help us support parishes to do this work for the sake of the Lord.

Click here to read full message in The Southern Cross.


 

Two popes, one message of mercy

The Southern Cross newspaper – May 2017

Easter message April 13 2017

Pray for peace this Easter

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Easter is a great time for us who belong to the Christian faith as we remember the saving death and resurrection of Jesus, which has made such a difference to our lives and to our world.

This year as we celebrate the feast of Easter we are very conscious of the fact that we live in a world of violence, with many of our Christian brothers and sisters around the world being persecuted at this very moment.

On a grander scale it seems as though there are people who are more intent on achieving things by violence that leads us almost to the point of war.

So as we celebrate Easter this year it’s an opportunity to rededicate ourselves as Christians in the name of Jesus to be peacemakers but also in all of our Easter prayers to ask the Lord to help us to find peaceful solutions to the problems we are facing in our world.

Here in Australia, we have recently experienced the devastation of Cyclone Debbie and the floods that followed. There were stories of holiday makers stranded, communities isolated without electricity and massive damage to homes, crops, livestock and infrastructure.  

It also was reported that in some towns abandoned homes had been looted within hours of the cyclone passing. When interviewed on radio, the owners of a caravan park expressed their shock and dismay that people could do such a thing.

But in the same breath, the couple spoke of the amazing response of local community groups, churches and individuals who turned up with buckets, mops and trays of home-cooked sausage rolls. Similarly, two young girls whose own home had been damaged, but not as badly as others, were out distributing sausages in bread to their neighbours.

This contrast between people’s capacity to do good and evil, and the hope that arises from despair, is very much a part of the Easter story of Christ’s suffering, death and resurrection.

When we remember the death of our Lord we do so through the prism of his resurrection.  We don’t gather on Good Friday to mourn and weep over the Lord as if we had no hope; we gather to mourn with our hearts filled with hope because we know what happens at the end of the story.

God has never been more powerful than when Jesus was crowned with thorns, scourged and robed in purple, because in his vulnerability God entered all the experiences of the world and filled them with His power and grace, so that we who follow him are able to live in that power and with that hope.

Our responsibility is to become the agents of that same power by our strong commitment to the work of love, justice, reconciliation and peace.

This isn’t always easy. How are we to respond to the recent terrorist attacks in London and St Petersburg, or to the devastation of a cyclone and the tragic death of a mother and her two children in floodwaters in northern New South Wales?

But we have a choice: we can be filled with anger and bitterness or we can respond with love and capacities that are given to us by the Lord who entered this life, suffered and died for us and rose from the dead. That presence of Christ gives us hope, even in the midst of the most terrible things, to work for the lives of our brothers and sisters and to be faithful to the Lord as his disciples.

 Archbishop Wilson Easter message 2017.pdf


 

The great mystery of our faith

The Southern Cross newspaper – April 2017

Centenary of Our Lady of Fatima

The Southern Cross newspaper – March 2017

Final hearing of the Royal Commission

Letter from Archbishop Wilson and Fr Philip Marshall VG

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Catholic Archdiocese of Adelaide  |  February 7, 2017

Dear brothers and sisters in Christ,

On behalf of Archbishop Wilson and myself, I write to you as the final hearing involving the Catholic Church at the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse unfolds.

Our first thoughts go to those who are the victims and survivors of child sexual abuse. The terrible memories of abuse at the hands of priests and religious they trusted impact their lives forever, and through these weeks those memories will once again be re-lived. There are no words sufficient to express our sorrow for the suffering those children experienced within our Church. We also recognise and feel deep sorrow for the ongoing suffering of parents, families, friends and partners of those who were abused.

To the extent that I can, I offer my apology on behalf of the Catholic Church to all those who suffered directly or indirectly as a result of abuse within the Church. As Pope Francis said recently, 'it is a sin that shames us'.

I promise we will leave no stone unturned in our effort to make our Church in Adelaide safe for children, and to ensure that they will never be at risk of abuse in the future.

I know that this is also a difficult time for all of you in the Church who share the sorrow, outrage and shame of hurt to children. The evidence presented during the Royal Commission hearings will be distressing and confronting. The Royal Commission's statistics and analysis of the extent of abuse will be made public as the Royal Commission reviews the evidence it has already received and seeks to understand why and how this tragedy has occurred.
Many of our Bishops and other Catholic leaders will appear before the Royal Commission to explain how the Church has sought to change the culture that allowed abuse occur and to continue, and to put in place new policies, structures and protections to safeguard children and vulnerable persons.

Pope Francis has urged the whole Church to, 'find the courage needed to take all necessary measures and to protect in every way the lives of our children, so that such crimes may never be repeated'. In the Archdiocese of Adelaide we have pursued these safeguarding goals with energy and vigour for the last 15 years, building on the procedures that were authorised by the Bishops and Religious Leaders in 1996. We are fully committed to the Holy Father's call for Zero Tolerance on Child Sexual Abuse when he said: "Let us find the courage needed to take all necessary measures and to protect in every way the lives of our children, so that such crimes may never be repeated. 11

Throughout the coming weeks, I ask you to join with me in prayer as we turn to Jesus, who in his own life expressed such protective tenderness towards children. Let us pray that all children everywhere may experience that same protective respect and tenderness from us. This has been a terrible darkness, let us choose to be light for all, especially children and all who are vulnerable.

With fraternal greetings in Christ who is our light,
Fr Philip Marshall, Vicar General

 Circular - The Royal Commission 168 070217.pdf


 

Finding purpose in life

The Southern Cross newspaper – February 2017

Christmas message 2016

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Catholic Archdiocese of Adelaide

Archbishop Wilson’s Christmas message
December 22, 2016

If ever there were a time to reflect deeply on the meaning of Christmas it is now. Never before have we witnessed such a massive displacement of people around the globe, giving us reason to seriously question how this could come about and how we can respond to the crisis both as a nation and as individuals.

There are forces at work that could result in us battening down the hatches out of fear and ignorance, and then there is the way of hope and compassion which is at the very heart of the Christmas message.

Just as no door was opened to Mary and Joseph when they went looking for a room in Bethlehem, so today there are 65 million refugees who have no place to call home.

Europe is experiencing the biggest cross-border movement of people since World War II and globally there is a record number of people being forced to leave their homes (nearly 34,000 a day). Those who remain are often at risk of persecution due to their religious or political beliefs.

In the Middle East, Christians are among the most oppressed groups. Once thriving Christian communities in northern Iraq are ghost towns since more than 100,000 Christians were expelled by the Islamic State in 2014. Houses, churches and cathedrals have been destroyed or ransacked, making it difficult for residents to return any time soon. The situation is similar in Syria, where Christians have suffered greatly and are now caught up in the devastating impact of war. They face the difficult choice of deciding whether to remain in the place so closely connected to their faith or join the long queue of people migrating to a strange land. 

It is easy to feel overwhelmed by this human disaster and to be indifferent to people’s suffering. But if we truly heed the message of Christmas we will never forget or lose sight of the fact that every person matters to God. Jesus was born for us – and that means all of us.

The message of Christmas is one of fraternity, solidarity and welcome.  Rather than closing our eyes to the pain and misery of others, we need to open our hearts and minds to their plight. We can show our support by contributing to relief operations and lobbying political leaders to change harsh immigration policies. Above all, we can offer our constant prayers for our brothers and sisters.

As indicated by the calendar date beginning with the birth of Christ, his arrival heralded a new era. Everything changed after he came into the world as a baby to be our saviour. Through his life, death and resurrection, Jesus showed us a different way to live – a way of love, for each other and for God. He taught us to see the face of Christ in every person but especially in the poor, the downtrodden and the oppressed.

Even when violence and hatred is so prevalent, Jesus gives us hope and assurance that peace and love will prevail through his constant presence in our midst.

 Christmas message 2016.docx


 

Praying for renewal

The Southern Cross newspaper – November 2016

Deepening our understanding of marriage sacrament

The Southern Cross newspaper – October 2016


 

Statement from Archbishop Wilson to Members of the South Australian Parliament regarding the Voluntary Euthanasia Bill 2016

September 28, 2016

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A vote on the Voluntary Euthanasia Bill 2016 introduced by The Hon Steph Key is likely to occur soon in the South Australia House of Assembly.

Given significant concerns expressed within our community regarding persons experiencing mental and physical suffering as a result of medical conditions, and the view by some that Euthanasia represents the best response to ‘unbearable and hopeless suffering’, I want to reaffirm the deep commitment of the Catholic Church to the inherent dignity of each human person.

Download pdf below to read Archbishop Wilson's full statement.

 Voluntary Euthansia Bill 2016 1146 270916[1].pdf


 

Pope Francis calls for a more tender, merciful church

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Pope Francis is ever attentive to God’s love at work in the ordinary circumstances of our lives. His recent apostolic exhortation, The Joy of Love, emphasises again and again the tenderness and mercy of God—that with which Jesus looks on all people. Francis urges the church to see mercy as its fundamental calling. All pastoral activity, he says, should be caught up in the tenderness of God (310).

The Joy of Love was written following the synod of bishops in October 2014 and 2015. It reflects the great value with which the Catholic tradition holds love, marriage, and family life. It meditates on love, marriage, and family life in a pivotal chapter that takes up St Paul’s hymn to love (1 Cor. 13:4-7) line by line. At the same time, Francis is deeply concerned about the pastoral difficulties faced by divorced and civilly remarried Catholics, and he urges priests and pastoral workers to assist those people to a fuller participation in the life of the church. I want to reflect with you about these two matters with the hope of our being a more tender, merciful Archdiocese that cherishes the gift of marriage and family life. I urge you to set aside some time to read The Joy of Love, free on the Vatican website.

Download pdf below to read Archbishop Wilson's full message.

 Circular - The Joy of Love 1140 230916.pdf


 

Responding to God's message of mercy

The Southern Cross newspaper – September 2016

Reigniting power of the Holy Spirit

The Southern Cross newspaper – July 2016

Mary mother of mercy

The Southern Cross newspaper – June 2016

The good shepherd

The Southern Cross newspaper – May 2016

Sharing mercy in the world

The Southern Cross newspaper – April 2016

The Joy of Love

Pastoral letter April 8 2016

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Archbishop Wilson has expressed his great joy at the release of the Apostolic Exhortation on love in the family.

 Pastoral letter re Apostolic Exhortation 0353 080416.pdf


 

Easter Pastoral Message 2016

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Easter Pastoral Message 2016 from the Archbishop of Adelaide The Most Rev Philip Wilson DD JCL

At Easter we are reminded that Christ gave his life for the salvation of the whole human race.

He didn’t die on the cross just for his followers or to please his father – he paid the ultimate price to show the world a new way of living and dying, with the promise of eternal life as fulfilled by his resurrection.

One of the ways we Christians commemorate Christ’s suffering and death is to re-enact the Last Supper when Jesus washed the feet of his apostles. In the past this has involved gathering a group of men to participate in this rite, representing the disciples who, of course, were male.

But in fact this rite was bestowed on bishops and priests to intimately conform themselves to Christ who ‘came not to be served but to serve’ (Mt 20:28) and to demonstrate the humility and charity of Christ towards his disciples.

By washing the feet of the Apostles, Jesus wanted to reveal to us God’s way of acting in our human relations, and to give an example of his commandment to love one another as he has loved us.

Since coming to office, Pope Francis has used the washing of the feet rite to demonstrate his sincere love and concern for the most disadvantaged men and women in the community – prisoners, the destitute, the sick. Now other bishops and priests can freely follow suit and show our willingness to be a Church that goes out to the fringes of humanity.

The other special aspect of Easter this year is that it is being celebrated in the Year of Mercy which has been constituted by Pope Francis for us to reflect upon the mercy of God.

God’s mercy is shown so clearly in the death and resurrection of Jesus, where Jesus gave up himself entirely out of love for each one of us to save us and give us the gift of eternal life and to preserve us from sin.

But in the Year of Mercy Pope Francis reminds us that we all have a responsibility to share that mercy with people who live around us in the world.

The works of mercy that we have to be involved in are being thoughtful, kind, patient, forgiving, gentle and all of us can give action to that in any circumstances of our lives.

As a community we also need to be aware of the major changes going on in our own State in terms of the economy and rising unemployment, in particular the problems facing people in the northern suburbs as a result of the Holden closure. Pope Francis would want the Catholic community to engage with that reality and we have already begun to do so working out how we can respond in a practical way through our education, training, health and community welfare networks.

On a global level, we are grieving this Easter for the victims of the terrifying terrorist attacks in Brussels and we offer our prayers for the deceased, the injured, their families and all those offering assistance in the aftermath of the bombings. We stand united in our solidarity with the people of Belgium in the face of such senseless violence.


 

A little respect goes a long way

The Southern Cross newspaper – March 2016

Practical approach to mercy

The Southern Cross newspaper – February 2016

Letter from Archbishop Wilson

December 30 2015

View Archbishop Wilson's letter concerning his return from leave.

 Archbishop's letter.pdf


 

Pastoral letter from the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference

May 28, 2015

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The Australian Catholic Bishops have released a pastoral letter on the issue of same sex marriage.

Letters from Bishop Greg O'Kelly (Port Pirie Diocese) and Bishop Peter A. Comensoli (Broken Bay Diocese) are also available below.

 Same-sex marriage Media Release (2).pdf
 DMM-booklet web version.pdf
 Bishop O'Kelly Letter to the Diocese - 15.234.pdf
 Bishop Comensoli Letter to the Diocese May 2015.pdf

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Open letter from Archbishop Philip Wilson

March 20 2015


Please find below an open letter from Archbishop Wilson to priests, deacons, Religious and people of God of the Archdiocese of Adelaide.

 Circular - Open letter from Archbishop Wilson 0398 200315.pdf


 

Making our hearts like Jesus

The Southern Cross newspaper – March 2015

Our role in the Synod

Southern Cross February 2015


 

Sampson Flat fires

Statement from Archbishop Wilson - January 7, 2015


Archbishop Wilson released a statement today expressing the solidarity and sympathy of the Catholic Community of Adelaide with all those who have lost homes, property, live stock and pets in the recent Sampson Flat fires.
“We are deeply aware”, he said “of the stress and human cost of these fires to so many families, friends and people of South Australia”. 
Archbishop Wilson also confirmed that all the resources of the Archdiocese, particularly those of St Vincent de Paul, Centacare Services and the pastoral support of our parishes will be available to all those effected by the fire.  Archbishop Wilson praised the heroism and dedication of the CFS and other emergency services through this period.
“They are an example of human goodness and self sacrifice at its best,” he said.  Archbishop Wilson confirmed that prayers would be offered for all those effected by the fire at Masses over this and coming weekends, and that a special collection would be taken up for the support of those who were left in need as a result of the fires.

 Media Release – Sampson Flat fires January 7, 2015.pdf

24 hours for the Lord - March 13-14

Notice from Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelisation


The Holy Father is proposing that Friday March 13 and Saturday March 14, 2015 be set aside for "24 Hours for the Lord".

The theme for these 24 hours of reflection and prayer will be "God rich in mercy", (Ephesians 2:4).

For more information, please download the two pdfs below.

 Circular - 24 Hours for the Lord 0006 7115.pdf
 24hoursfortheLord_EN.pdf

Reporting on link between celibacy and clerical abuse

Monday December 22 2014


There has been much coverage in the media recently about the relationship between celibacy and clerical sexual abuse, following the release of the Truth Justice and Healing Council’s Activity Report.

Media outlets were quick to pick up on the one-line reference to celibacy in the report. While it was not implied that there was a link between celibacy and clerical abuse, this is the perception that many people have taken from the report.

Below is an article which appeared in Psychology Today some years ago in the wake of publication of the John Jay College of Criminal Justice Report which was published on May 18, 2011. The John Jay report was a comprehensive research investigation on the causes and context of clergy sexual abuse in the United States Catholic Church. As reported in the article, the investigation found there was no direct link between celibacy in the priesthood and the abuse of children by some members of the clergy.

To read the article, click on the link below.
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/do-the-right-thing/201105/the-new-john-jay-report-clergy-abuse-in-the-catholic-church
 

The gift of Jesus

The Southern Cross newspaper – December 2014

Participating in the synod

The Southern Cross newspaper – November 2014

Moment of conversion

The Southern Cross newspaper – October 2014

In solidarity with fellow Christians

Southern Cross newspaper - September 2014

Pray for Christians in the Middle East

August 19, 2014


I encourage you to read the pastoral letter of Bishop Gerard Holohan, from Bunbury Diocese, on the need to pray for our Christian brothers and sisters  who face persecution and martydom because of their faith.

Please download pdf below.

 Pastoral Letter.pdf

Statement from Ukrainian Catholic Church

Condolences to family and friends of MH17 victims

The Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy in Australia, New Zealand and Oceania have expressed their heartfelt condolences and spiritual solidarity to the friends and families of the the innocent victims of MH17.

 Letter of condolences.pdf

Statement by the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference on Asylum Seekers

May 8, 2014

 

The Australian Catholic Bishops have been involved in many ways with asylum seekers. Some of us have detention centres close to home, and we have worked hard to ensure that asylum seekers receive proper pastoral care and human assistance.

We renew that commitment here. The Bishops have also intervened with Government in an attempt to make policy more respectful of human dignity and basic human rights, which today are being seriously violated.

We now make this urgent plea for a respect for the rights of asylum seekers, not only in Government circles but in the Australian community more broadly.

Federal decision-°©‐makers in both major parties have made their decisions and implemented their policies because they think they have the support of the majority of Australians. Therefore, we want to speak to the entire Australian community.

Download pdf below for full statement.

 

 Statement by the Australian Catholic Bishops on Asylum Seekers.pdf

Pastoral letter to the people of the Archdiocese of Adelaide

March 12, 2014


My brothers and sisters

PASTORAL LETTER TO THE PEOPLE OF THE ARCHDIOCESE OF ADELAIDE

The Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse is holding its first public hearing in Adelaide this week. It is looking at the responses by our Archdiocese and the South Australian Police to allegations of child sexual abuse at St Ann's Special School. The shocking incidents of abuse against children with disabilities were committed in the late eighties/early nineties by a school bus driver, Brian Perkins.

As we move into this very important time for the Archdiocese of Adelaide before the Royal Commission, I want to once again apologise and express my deep sorrow to these especially vulnerable victims and their families for the devastating consequences of the abuse. The impact for many of the victims' families is as painful today as it ever was. The hurt and anger they feel is completely understandable.

I was, and still am, horrified by the crimes committed by Perkins. In 2003, I made ex gratia payments totalling $2.3 million as a pastoral response to a number of families including the families of those former students whom Perkins admitted having abused. Those payments were not just about money and they were not intended to reflect the level of anguish that these horrible events caused. Rather, I wanted the families to know that we recognised their pain and while we would never be able to undo the hurt caused to them, the very least we could do was something tangible to relieve some of their financial pressures and allow them to concentrate on caring for their children in the best way they could.

To read more please download document below.

 

 Circular - Pastoral Letter to Archdiocese of Adelaide 331 120314.pdf

Statement from Adelaide Archdiocese on St Ann's matter

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Statement – Tuesday, February 18, 2014

STATEMENT FROM ADELAIDE ARCHDIOCESE ON ST ANN’S MATTER

The Archdiocese of Adelaide rejects the allegations made recently about the St Ann’s case and the litigation related to it.

Archbishop Philip Wilson has, from the outset, shown the utmost concern and compassion for the victims of Brian Perkins and their families.  As soon as he learned about the shocking reality of this case, he apologised to the victims and their families and he put in place pastoral and counselling support for anyone who needed it.

In 2003 the Archbishop also paid $2.25 million in unconditional ex-gratia payments to families in an effort to help support them through this most difficult matter. He continued over extended periods to offer counselling and pastoral support for whoever required such assistance.

The Archbishop also encouraged families to consult with their lawyers to ensure that their rights were fully protected.  A minority of families have since decided to issue proceedings. Those proceedings are in the control of the Courts, not the Archbishop.

Archbishop Wilson is aware that legal proceedings can and often do take a long time to progress through the Courts and while that is a matter of regret, he has not caused any delay in their progress.

Like everyone involved in this matter, the Archbishop was horrified to learn of the abuse perpetrated in this case and he repeats his sincere sorrow and regret that it ever occurred.  He is hopeful that the Court actions will be resolved as quickly and smoothly as possible.

 St Ann's legal proceedings - final.pdf

Address given at The Abraham Institute, Adelaide

July 7, 2013

 

Case Histories of Jewish Populations in Italy, Denmark and Bulgaria during the Holocaust

Ladies and Gentlemen, I want to thank the Abraham Institute for inviting me to address you and for your all turning out this evening to do me the honour of listening to what I have to say. I look forward to your questions, comments and some discussion following the speech.
 
I also acknowledge the Traditional Owners of the land on which we are meeting. I pay my respects to their Elders, past and present, and the Elders from other communities who may be here today.
 
History is naturally a contested area but in speaking tonight I will try to draw from generally accepted themes.
 
It is said that Bulgaria, Denmark and Italy were the places in Europe where Jewish people received the best treatment during the Second World War. But the standard at the time was set very low, so I think it is much better to examine the actual behaviour for what it was so we can then draw our own conclusions on the levels of human failure and prejudice.

Download file below for full speech.

 2013-07-01 Case Histories of Jewish Populations in Italy.pdf